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“As for the ‘died of democracy’ thesis, a good case can be made that, to the contrary, the Confederate government enforced the draft, suppressed dissent, and suspended civil liberties and democratic rights at least as thoroughly as did the Union government. The Confederacy enacted conscription a year before the Union, and raised a larger portion of its troops by drafting than did the North. … If the North had lost the war — which came close to happening on more than one occasion — the same thesis of internal conflict could be advanced to explain northern defeat. … Americans in the war of 1776 were more divided than southerners in the war of 1861, yet the United States won its independence and the Confederacy did not. Apparently we must look elsewhere for an explanation of Confederate failure.”
— Why the Confederacy Lost, 1992