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“One of the earliest and most persistent themes was spelled out by Frank Owsley in his book States Rights in the Confederacy, published in 1925. … On the tombstone of the Confederacy, wrote Owsley, should be carved the epitaph ‘Died of State Rights.’ A variant on the states rights thesis focuses on the resistance by many southerners, including some national leaders like Vice President Alexander H. Stephens, to such war measures as conscription, certain taxes, suspension of the writ of habeas corpus, and martial law. … The persistence during the war of the democratic practices of individualism, dissent, and carping criticism of the government caused historian David Donald, writing in 1960, to amend that inscription on the Confederacy’s tombstone to ‘Died of Democracy.'”
— Why the Confederacy Lost, 1992